3. How the trumpet works

Vibrating air amplifies the body's sounds

You generate sound from all wind instruments by making the air column inside vibrate. This happens when you blow into the instrument through the mouthpiece while tensing your lips. The tongue also helps in this; like a valve, it controls the beginning and the duration of the sounds.

A fundamental rule is: the bigger the instrument, the longer the air column and the deeper the sounds generated. The smaller the instrument, the shorter the air column and thus the higher the sounds generated. Furthermore, the stronger you blow into the instrument, the louder the sounds you will generate.

The trumpet is both the smallest and the highest brass wind instrument. Its narrow gauge (about 11.5mm) over a total tube length of about 1.30m produces bright and brilliant sounds. All sounds of the harmonic series can be played merely by altering the tension in your lip muscles (relaxation = low sounds, greater tension = high sounds)

What do you need the valves for?

All natural overtones can be played on the trumpet without using the valves. Although the overtone series contains a lot of sounds, especially in the upper ranges (which are quite difficult to play, though), you need to resort to a technical trick if you want to play diatonically or even chromatically.

Every instrument comes with its own mechanism to achieve this. A trumpet has the valves (piston or rotary valve), for example, whereas a trombone only has the slide.

The trumpet's three valves allow the player to lower the tuning of their trumpet by a single (2st valve), two (1nd valve), or even three (3rd valve) half tones. If the valve is depressed, the air flows through the corresponding valve slide and the air clumn is thus lenghtened. This means that all sounds of the chromatic scale can be played. This mechanism was invented in the late eighteenth century and allows the trumpet to be played very fluently and elegantly, which inspired the composers at the time to write truly virtuoso trumpet parts (e.g. Joseph Haydn, Concert in E flat major).

Special effects can be generated by depressing a valve only half-way (half valve); in combination with embouchure and breathing, many different effects and sounds can be produced, ranging from the blue note in jazz and blues all the way to a horse whinny in the circus band.

The trumpet range (notated)

The fingerin (valves 1-3) is indicated above the musical notation. Notes:

  • The ranges
    • Low range: F-sharp F-sharp’
    • Medium range: G F-sharp
    • High range: G C’’’
  • Range: there is no upper limit to this range, especially in jazz. It is evenpossible to play sounds beyond C

Uw contactpersoon

Producten met de beste beoordelingen

  1. Thomann TR 200 Bb-Trumpet

    Tho­mann TR 200 Bb-Trumpet

    direct leverbaar
    € 149
  2. Thomann TR 5 Bb-Pocket Trumpet

    Tho­mann TR 5 Bb-Pocket Trumpet

    direct leverbaar
    € 129
  3. Startone STR 25 Bb-Trumpet

    Star­tone STR 25 Bb-Trumpet

    direct leverbaar
    € 119
  4. Thomann TR 400 G Bb-Trumpet

    Tho­mann TR 400 G Bb-Trumpet

    direct leverbaar
    € 189
  5. Thomann TR 25 Bb-Pocket Trumpet

    Tho­mann TR 25 Bb-Pocket Trumpet

    direct leverbaar
    € 169
  6. Thomann CR 400 Bb-Cornet

    Tho­mann CR 400 Bb-Cornet

    direct leverbaar
    € 169
  7. Thomann TR 620 S Bb-Trumpet

    Tho­mann TR 620 S Bb-Trumpet

    direct leverbaar
    € 222
  8. Thomann TR 620 L Bb-Trumpet

    Tho­mann TR 620 L Bb-Trumpet

    direct leverbaar
    € 198
  9. Yamaha YTR-4335 GII Trumpet

    Yamaha YTR-4335 GII Trumpet

    direct leverbaar
    € 629
  10. Startone STR-25 Bb-Trumpet B-Stock
    B-STOCK

    Star­tone STR-25 Bb-Trumpet B-Stock

    direct leverbaar
    € 111
  11. Thomann Black Jazz Bb- Trumpet

    Tho­mann Black Jazz Bb- Trumpet

    direct leverbaar
    € 249
  12. Thomann TR 5 Red Bb-Pocket Trumpet

    Tho­mann TR 5 Red Bb-Pocket Trumpet

    direct leverbaar
    € 149
  13. Yamaha YTR-2330 Trumpet

    Yamaha YTR-2330 Trumpet

    direct leverbaar
    € 399
  14. Thomann TR 5 Blue Bb-Pocket Trumpet

    Tho­mann TR 5 Blue Bb-Pocket Trumpet

    direct leverbaar
    € 149
  15. Thomann TR 5 Black Bb-Pocket Trumpet

    Tho­mann TR 5 Black Bb-Pocket Trumpet

    direct leverbaar
    € 149

Geliefde merken

  • pTrumpet
  • Kühnl & Hoyer
  • Adams
  • B&S
  • Miraphone
  • Schilke
  • Peter Oberrauch
  • Besson
  • Carol Brass
  • Thomann
  • Musikverlag Schweizer
  • Johannes Scherzer

De populairste producten

  1. Yamaha YTR-3335 Trumpet

    Yamaha YTR-3335 Trumpet

    direct leverbaar
    € 539
  2. pCompact pCompact Bb- trumpet red

    pCom­pact pCom­pact Bb- trumpet red

    direct leverbaar
    € 79
    € 168
  3. Startone STR 25 Bb-Trumpet

    Star­tone STR 25 Bb-Trumpet

    direct leverbaar
    € 119
  4. Thomann CR 400 Bb-Cornet

    Tho­mann CR 400 Bb-Cornet

    direct leverbaar
    € 169
  5. Yamaha YTR-4335 GII Trumpet

    Yamaha YTR-4335 GII Trumpet

    direct leverbaar
    € 629
  6. Startone PTR-20 Bb- Trumpet Orange

    Star­tone PTR-20 Bb- Trumpet Orange

    direct leverbaar
    € 98
  7. Thomann TR-901S Piccolo Trumpet

    Tho­mann TR-901S Pic­colo Trumpet

    direct leverbaar
    € 444
  8. Thomann TR 500 S Bb-Trumpet

    Tho­mann TR 500 S Bb-Trumpet

    direct leverbaar
    € 249
  9. Thomann TR 25 Bb-Pocket Trumpet

    Tho­mann TR 25 Bb-Pocket Trumpet

    direct leverbaar
    € 169
  10. Thomann TR 620 S Bb-Trumpet

    Tho­mann TR 620 S Bb-Trumpet

    direct leverbaar
    € 222
  11. De Haske Hören Lesen Schule 1 Tr

    De Haske Hören Lesen Schule 1 Tr

    direct leverbaar
    € 23,50
  12. Hofmeister Verlag Arban Schule für Trompete

    Hof­meister Verlag Arban Schule für Trom­pete

    direct leverbaar
    € 32
  13. Yamaha YTR-436 G

    Yamaha YTR-436 G

    direct leverbaar
    € 1.515
  14. Thomann Concerto GML Rotary Trumpet

    Tho­mann Con­certo GML Rotary Trumpet

    direct leverbaar
    € 999
  15. Thomann TR-600 M C-Trumpet

    Tho­mann TR-600 M C-Trumpet

    direct leverbaar
    € 222