3. History – Origin & Development

Playing the recorder, also known as the ‘flauto dolce’, ‘blockflöte’ and ‘flûte à bec’, was traditionally a rather social occupation. Thought to have originated in 14th Century Italy, it existed mainly as a consort instrument during the Renaissance period (c.1400-1600). Henry VIII owned over 70 recorders, most likely made specifically for playing in consorts. As well as ‘true’ instrumental music, it was common to play vocal consort music on recorders. The Renaissance design had a wide and straight central bore, with large fingerholes and a bell-shaped end.

During the Baroque period (c.1600-1750) the recorder came to be used more as a solo instrument, its design changing to a tapered bore narrowing towards the bottom, along with smaller fingerholes. Boxwood was the prevailing material for both Renaissance and Baroque recorders, although other woods were also used. By this time it was more common for music to be written specifically for the instrument, and in addition to concertos and solo sonatas, the recorder began to appear in mixed ensemble chamber music. Its closest counterparts were the transverse (wooden) flute and Baroque oboe, and players often ‘doubled’ or ‘trebled’ on these instruments.

Some of the most challenging recorder works were written during this time, notably two of Bach’s ‘Brandenburg Concerti’, and also Vivaldi’s solo recorder concertos. Confusion has arisen over the recorder’s use in certain large-scale Baroque music – Handel’s ‘Water Music’ and Purcell’s operatic works for instance, since it was referred to simply as ‘flauta’; however, where a Baroque flute was intended rather than a recorder, ‘flauto traverso’ would usually be specified. ‘Flautino’ is also frequently indicated, which should be translated as sopranino recorder.

The rise of the transverse flute during the 18th Century largely superseded the recorder’s use, especially during the Classical period, c.1760 onwards. As both time and instrument design progressed further towards the symphony orchestra, the recorder all but disappeared. It then lay dormant until experiencing a 20th Century revival, especially in England and Germany, which is when its teaching in school classrooms began. Since then, many respectable composers have written for it, including Gordon Jacob, Benjamin Britten and Luciano Berio. Many present-day recorder players are also flautists or oboists - very few make a career out of performing solely on the recorder.

Yhteyshenkilösi

Parhaiten arvostellut tuotteet

  1. Moeck 1023 Flauto 1 Plus

    Moeck 1023 Flauto 1 Plus

    Varastossa
    35 €
    44 €
  2. Thomann TRA-31B Alt Recorder

    Tho­mann TRA-31B Alt Recorder

    Varastossa
    12,60 €
  3. Thomann TRT-31B Tenor Recorder

    Tho­mann TRT-31B Tenor Recorder

    Varastossa
    30 €
  4. Thomann TRS-21G Soprano Recorder Ger.

    Tho­mann TRS-21G Soprano Recorder Ger.

    Varastossa
    3,99 €
  5. Thomann TRB-31B Bass Recorder

    Tho­mann TRB-31B Bass Recorder

    Varastossa
    99 €
  6. Xaphoon Standard C

    Xap­hoon Stan­dard C

    Varastossa
    75 €
    85 €
  7. Clarke Pennywhistle D- Major

    Clarke Pen­nyw­histle D- Major

    Varastossa
    14,90 €
    21,70 €
  8. Clarke Pennywhistle C- Major

    Clarke Pen­nyw­histle C- Major

    Varastossa
    12,90 €
    21,70 €
  9. Moeck 1020 Flauto 1 Plus

    Moeck 1020 Flauto 1 Plus

    Varastossa
    34 €
    44 €
  10. Thomann Irish Whistle C

    Tho­mann Irish Whistle C

    Varastossa
    4,99 €
  11. Thomann TRS-21B Soprano Recorder Bar.

    Tho­mann TRS-21B Soprano Recorder Bar.

    Varastossa
    3,99 €
  12. Thomann TRS-31B Soprano Recorder Bar.

    Tho­mann TRS-31B Soprano Recorder Bar.

    Varastossa
    5,90 €
  13. Xaphoon Maui C

    Xap­hoon Maui C

    Varastossa
    98 €
    108 €
  14. Clarke Sweetone Tinwhistle C-Major S

    Clarke Swee­tone Tinw­histle C-Major S

    Varastossa
    6,90 €
    11,60 €
  15. Clarke Victorian Tinwhistle D- Major

    Clarke Vic­to­rian Tinw­histle D- Major

    Varastossa
    12,90 €
    19,80 €

Suositut tuotemerkit

  • Generation
  • Streetlife Music
  • Flageolet
  • Adler Heinrich
  • Nuvo
  • Aulos
  • Brillant
  • Reka
  • Kunath
  • Thomann
  • Metarex
  • Artino

Suosituimmat tuotteet

  1. Mollenhauer Adris Dream Recorder 4119

    Mol­len­hauer Adris Dream Recorder 4119

    Varastossa
    99 €
    135 €
  2. Mollenhauer New Student 1042

    Mol­len­hauer New Stu­dent 1042

    Varastossa
    62 €
    78 €
  3. Clarke Tin Whistle Set

    Clarke Tin Whistle Set

    Varastossa
    29 €
    39,60 €
  4. Mollenhauer 1053 Prima Soprano Recorder

    Mol­len­hauer 1053 Prima Soprano Recorder

    Varastossa
    31 €
    43 €
  5. Yamaha YRS-24 B

    Yamaha YRS-24 B

    Varastossa
    9,90 €
  6. Moeck 1023 Flauto 1 Plus

    Moeck 1023 Flauto 1 Plus

    Varastossa
    35 €
    44 €
  7. Thomann Polishing Cloth Gray

    Tho­mann Polis­hing Cloth Gray

    Varastossa
    3,55 €
  8. Thomann Mouthpiece Cleaning Spray

    Tho­mann Mouth­piece Clea­ning Spray

    Varastossa
    4,90 €
    6,53€ /100ml
  9. Mollenhauer 5206 Denner Alto Recorder

    Mol­len­hauer 5206 Denner Alto Recorder

    Varastossa
    259 €
    339 €
  10. Thomann TRB-31B Bass Recorder

    Tho­mann TRB-31B Bass Recorder

    Varastossa
    99 €
  11. Xaphoon Standard C

    Xap­hoon Stan­dard C

    Varastossa
    75 €
    85 €
  12. Moeck 1212 Soprano School Recorder

    Moeck 1212 Soprano School Recorder

    Varastossa
    59 €
    80 €
  13. Thomann Polishing Cloth

    Tho­mann Polis­hing Cloth

    Varastossa
    5,50 €
  14. Aulos 509B "Symphony" Alto Recorder

    Aulos 509B "Symp­hony" Alto Recorder

    Varastossa
    37 €
    53 €
  15. Moeck 4302 Rottenburgh Alto

    Moeck 4302 Rot­ten­burgh Alto

    Varastossa
    269 €
    350 €